Презентация на тему "Ancient Civilizations"

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  • Слайд 1

    The Maya Civilization

    Маслова Н.А., учитель английского языка ЦО 1828 «Сабурово» г. Москва

  • Слайд 2

    The geographic extent of the Maya civilization, known as the Maya area, extended throughout the southern Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and the Yucatán Peninsula states of Quintana Roo, Campeche and Yucatán.

    The Maya area also extended throughout the northern Central American region, including the present-day nations of Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and western Honduras.

  • Слайд 3

     

    The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

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    Many Maya cities reached their highest state development during the Classic period (c. 250 AD to 900 AD), and continued until the arrival of the Spanish. At its peak, it was one of the most densely populated and culturally dynamic societies in the world.

  • Слайд 5

     

    The Maya civilization shares many features with other Mesoamerican civilizations. Advances such as writing, epigraphy, and the calendar did not originate with the Maya; however, their civilization fully developed them.

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    The Maya peoples never disappea- red. Today, the Maya and their descend- ants form sizable populati- onthrough out the Maya area.

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    Many Mayan languages continue to be spoken as primary languages today; the Rabinal Achí, a play written in the Achi' language, was declared a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2005.

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    As Maya cities spread throughout the varied geography of Mesoamerica, site planning appears to have been minimal. Maya architecture tended to integrate a great degree of natural features.

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    The Maya writing system (often called hieroglyphs) was a combination of phonetic symbols and logograms. It is the only writing system of the Pre-Columbian New World which is known to completely represent the spoken language of its community.

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    In common with the other Mesoamerican civilizations, the Maya used a base 20 and base 5 numbering system. Also, the preclassic Maya and their neighbors independently developed the concept of zero by 36 BC.

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    They produced extremely accurate astronomical observations; their charts of the movements of the moon and planets are equal or superior to those of any other civilization working from naked eye observation.

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Конспект

Маслова Н.А., Мозговенко О.П. учителя английского языка

ЦО 1828 «Сабурово» г. Москва

Teacher’s card

THE MAYA

Today we're going to learn more about the Maya ​- people who have lived in Central America for over 3,000 years.

Mayapan is an ancient city in Mexico. It was...

Маслова Н.А., Мозговенко О.П. учителя английского языка

ЦО 1828 «Сабурово» г. Москва

Teacher’s card

THE MAYA

Today we're going to learn more about the Maya ​- people who have lived in Central America for over 3,000 years.

Mayapan is an ancient city in Mexico. It was built by the Maya people about eleven hundred years ago. Mayapan was very big. Archaeologists have discovered over 3,000 houses there. In the middle there is a large pyramid. This was a very important place.

The Mayan people were very advanced in many ways.

They had their own language and their own writing. You can still see this writing on stones in old Mayan cities. They even had books with paper pages. They didn't have printed books, though.

The Mayan people were very good at mathematics.

They had a calendar with 365 days, just like ours. Five days didn't have names. The Maya thought that the days with no name were very unlucky, so on those days they killed people to keep the gods happy.

The people moved from Mayapan in about 1450.

They moved to other places - probably smaller towns and villages. The jungle grew over the old buildings until the city was lost.

Task: Listen to the text and choose the best answer.

1. The Maya lived in a) South America b) Central Asia c) Central America

2. In the middle of the city Mayapan there is a) a large pyramid b) a large square c) a large park

3. The Mayan people could a) read and write b) swim well c) cook delicious food

4. The Maya had a calendar with a) 325 b) 365 c) 372 days.

5. The people leaved Mayapan in about a) 1250 b) 1890 c) 1450

Keys: 1 с 2 a 3 a 4 b 5 с

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Students’ card

THE MAYA

Task: Listen to the text and choose the best answer.

1. The Maya lived in a) South America b) Central Asia c) Central America

2. In the middle of the city Mayapan there is a) a large pyramid b) a large square c) a large park

3. The Mayan people could a) read and write b) swim well c) cook delicious food

4. The Maya had a calendar with a) 325 b) 365 c) 372 days.

5. The people leaved Mayapan in about a) 1250 b) 1890 c) 1450

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