Презентация на тему "Рождество в Великобритании"

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Презентация для школьников на тему "Рождество в Великобритании" по иностранным языкам. pptCloud.ru — удобный каталог с возможностью скачать powerpoint презентацию бесплатно.

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    Made by Frolenko Aleksandr Christmas in Britain

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    Christmas Day , December 25,is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain. It is a family holiday. Traditionally all relatives and friends give each other presents. So before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present. In general, people get prepared for this holiday very carefully. They decorate their houses in the traditional way, that is the Christmas trees are set up in houses, in the streets and churches. The Christmas trees are always decorated with fairy lights, angels and small toys. In addition litlle packets with nuts, candies and special biscuits are hung on the tree. Presents are put around the tree and artificial ''frost'' is scattered over the branches.

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    Besides the Christmas tree, holly and mistletoe are used to decorate the house.

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    On the eve of the Christmas children hang their stockings so that Santa Claus could put presents into them : oranges, sweets, nuts and if the child didn't behave properly Santa Clause can put there a piece of coal as punishment.

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    Santa Claus got his name from a man known as St.Nickolas who lived in Asia in the fourth century. He gave his wealth to the poor and often to children. After he died the Dutch brought this legend to colonial America. Soon the Dutch name Sinter Klaus became Santa Claus.

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    Carol singing is an essential part of Christmas. No church or school is without its carol service. Carols may be traditional or by known composers they can express different feelings. Carols appeared in Christmas history about the fifteenth century.

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    Usually children come around in the evening to the front doors and start singing carols and the people living in these houses give children candies, nuts, pies and so on, to thank them for carol singing

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    A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding. Every young woman in each household helps to stir the Christmas pudding if she wishes to be married that year.

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    So Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain.

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    THE END

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Конспект

Конспект УРОКА

ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ В 9 КЛАССЕ

ТЕМА УРОКА: «Знакомство с историей Англии».

Выполнила:

Пахомова Светлана Николаевна

учитель английского языка

МОУ Гимназия г. Раменское

ПЛАН У...

Конспект УРОКА

ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ В 9 КЛАССЕ

ТЕМА УРОКА: «Знакомство с историей Англии».

Выполнила:

Пахомова Светлана Николаевна

учитель английского языка

МОУ Гимназия г. Раменское

ПЛАН УРОКА ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ В 9 КЛАССЕ

ТЕМА УРОКА: «Знакомство с историей Англии».

Цели и задачи урока.

Учебные: познакомить учащихся с тремя английским королями, углубить знания о Тауэре Лондона, повторить тему « Артикль».

Развивающие: развивать навыки аудирования, чтения с извлечением конкретной информации, развитие устной коммуникативной практики.

Познавательные: d познакомить с некоторыми фактами из истории Великобритании.

Воспитательные: развитие памяти, уважительного отношения к истории другой страны.

Оборудование: компьютер, мультимедийный проектор, СД.

ХОД УРОКА.

Организационная часть урока ( приветствие, постановка задач урока)

T.: Good morning! Glad to see you here again. Sit down, please, and let’s start. I hope you remember a lot about the history of Great Britain. Brainstorm as many ideas as possible.

P.P. Brainstorming.

T.: I’d like you to learn more about three English kings. You’ll hear stories about them. (Звучит запись СД к учебнику 9 класса, авторов О. В. Афанасьевой, И.В. Михеевой, Unit 1, No3. Учащиеся слушают запись 2 раза)

Учащиеся выполняют задания:

William the Conqueror

Why did William’s soldiers feel reluctant to cross the Channel and attack the English?

a) They were afraid of the English attack.

b)They were afraid of the sea storm coming to the shores of France

c) They were afraid that their good luck had left them.

King John

Why did King Henry II die?

Because King John’s fight against the French was not successful.

Because King John joined the French to fight against his father.

Because King John joined the French to fight against his brother Richard.

What was King John plan to become king?

He asked the German Emperor to keep his brother in Germany.

He paid the German Emperor 100 000 pounds to keep his brother in Germany.

He made the German Emperor to keep his brother in Germany.

King Charles II

Why were London streets crowded with people on a May day in 1660?

They wanted to hear the bells ringing.

They wanted to welcome Charles back.

They wanted to see the royal procession.

What was Charles reign darkened by?

A fatal illness breaking out.

A new war breaking out.

A terrible fire breaking out.

T. Now let’s compare your answers.(Учащиеся в парах проверяют ответы друг друга) I’d like to see what you remember about The Tower of London.

P.P.Ученики предлагают свои варианты ответов.

T. Would you like to learn more? Read the text and give titles to the passages.

The Tower of London

The Ravens.

Beefeaters.

The Museum of Arms and Armour.

The Tower’s Cruel Past.

The Ceremony of the Keys.

The White Tower.

The Tower on the north bank of the Thames is one of the most ancient buildings of London. It was founded in the 11- th century by William the Conqueror. But each monarch has left some kind of personal mark on it. For many centuries the Tower has been a fortress, a palace, a prison and royal treasury. It is now a museum of arms and armour, and as one of the strongest fortresses in Britain, it has the Crown Jewels.

The grey stones of the Tower could tell terrible stories of violence and injustice. Many sad and cruel events took place within the walls of the Tower. It was here that Thomas More, the great humanist, was falsely accussed and executed. Among the famous prisoners executed at the Tower were Henry VIII’s wives Ann Bolein and Catherine Howard. When Queen Elizabeth was a princess, she was sent to the Tower by MaryI Tudor(“Bloody Mary”) her half-sister and kept prisoner for some time.

The ravens, whose forefathers used to find food in the Tower, still live there as part of its history. There is a legend that if the ravens disappear the Tower will fall. That is why the birds are carefully guarded

The White Tower was built by William the Conqueror to protectand control the City of London. It is the oldest and the most important building, surrounded by other towers, which all have different names.

The Tower is guarded by the Yeomen Warders, popularly called “Beefeaters”.There are two letters, E.R., on the front of their tunics. They stand for the Queen’s name Elizabeth Regina. The uniform is the same as the one in Tudor times. Their everyday uniform is black and red, but on state occasions they wear a ceremonial dress: fine red state uniforms with the golden and black stripes and the wide lace-collar, which were in fashion in the 16th century.

Every night at 10 p.m. in the Tower of London the Ceremony of the Keys (or locking up of the Tower for the night) takes place. It goes back to the Middle Ages. Five minutes before the hour the Headwarder comes out with a bunch of keys and an old lanten. He goes to the guardhouse and cries: “Escort for the keys.” Then he closes the three gates and goes to the sentry, who calls: “Halt, who comes there?” the Headwarder replies:”The Keys.” “Whose Keys?” demands the sentry. “Queen Elizabeth’s Keys.” Comes the answer. “Advance Queen Elizabeth’s Keys. All’s well.”The keys are finally carried to the Queen’s House where they are safe for the night. After the ceremony everyone who approaches the gate must give the password or be turned away.

Comprehension

T. Now, read the text once more and answer the question.

Are the sentences below true or false?

The Tower on the south bank of the Thames.

Now the Tower is a museum of arms and armour.

The Crown Jewels are kept in St. Paul’s Cathedral.

Mary I, nicknamed “Bloody Mary”, and Elizabeth I were the daughters of Henry VIII.

The White Tower is the most recent building.

The everyday uniform of the Yeomen Warders is black and red, with the letters E.R. on the front of their tunics.

The Ceremony of the Keys is held every night at 10 p.m. when a Beefeater closes the gates, exchanges passwords with a sentry, and gives him the keys.

Это упражнение можно выполнять фронтально, в парах, группах, на контроле.

Word Study

T. Match these words from the text to their definitions.

1. guard a) a person, a group of people or vehicles protecting someone

2. arms b) say that someone is guilty of a crime

3. sentry c) someone whose job is to guard a place, a person, an object

4. armour d) weapons used for fighting wars

5. accuse e) a soldier standing outside a building as a guard

6. escort f) a special event

7. occasion g) metal or leather clothing worn by soldiers in old times

III Grammar Practice

T. Well, it’s time to revise articles. Use an article, if necessary.

1. ________ Tower of London has many well-known features.

2. These include________ White Tower, which is______oldest part, ______

Bloody Tower, where some ______prisoners were kept, and Traitor’s Gate, an entrance for ______prisoners on ______bank of ______river.

______ Crown Jewels have been kept there since 1303 and on ______public display.

Perhaps ______most famous image associated with ______Tower is that of ______ Yeomen Warders, ______official guards, who are also known as ______ Beefeaters.

They were established in ______ 16thcentury and still wear ______costumes of Tudor period.

Communication Practice

Role play. Writing letters.

Ролевую игру можно провести в группах. Делим класс на группы по 4 человека. Один ученик в группе задает вопросы другим 3 ученикам. Затем он сообщает классу о результатах своего опроса.

P1. Excuse me. We are carrying out a survey. Could you answer a few questions, please? Which three most important places or things would you like to see in the Tower of London if you were to visit it? Why do you think it is worth seeing?

Homework. Write a letter to your friend in England. They have asked you what you know about the history of the Tower of London and what exactly you would like to see there.

Key:

Аудирование: William the Conqueror 1. C; 2. B. King John 1. b; 2. a. King Charles II 1.b. 2.a.

2,4,6,7- True; 1,3,5-False

1.c;2.d; 3.e;4.g; 5.b; 6.a; 7.f

1. The; 2.the, the, the, -, -, the, the; 3. The, -; 4.the, the, the,the,-; 5. The,-, the.

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