Презентация на тему "Word Formation (Словообразование)"

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Презентация для школьников на тему "Word Formation (Словообразование)" по иностранным языкам. pptCloud.ru — удобный каталог с возможностью скачать powerpoint презентацию бесплатно.

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    Половко Л.В. Учитель английского языка МАОУ гимназии №6 г. Новороссийск Word Formation

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    As you could see, you can form new words with different meanings by adding a prefix or a sufix.

    Prefixes don’t change the word class! Negative Prefixes un- dis- im- ir- in- il- unfair; uncommon; untrue... illegal; illegitimate; illogical... impossible; immature; imperfect... disadvantage; dislike; dishonest... irrational; irrelevant; irresponsible... incorrect; informal; inconvenient... Mis- misunderstanding; mistrust; misbehave... Non- non-smoker; non-violent; non-profit...

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    To memorize!RULES

    When you want to change a word that starts with P or M, you add the prefix “im”:  improper; immodest; impartial; impersonal; impolite; impractical, immigrant… Adjectives starting with L, you add the prefix “il”:  illiterate; illegible; illicit; illegality; illegal; illogical… Adjectives beginning with R , you add the prefix “ir”:  irrational; irresistible; irregular; irreverent; irresponsible… If you have any doubts, go to the dictionary! He’s your friend!

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    Suffixes usually change the word class of the base word! Suffixes survive - survival; arrive - arrival; try - trial... combine - combination; accuse - accusation; image - imagination... employ - employment; move - movement; arrange – arrangement... work - worker; sing - singer; win - winner... carry - carriage; use - usage; pack - package... perform - performance; insure - insurance; entry – entrance; differ – difference; prefer - preference... Noun formation -al -ation -ment -er -age -ance/ -ence

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    national - nationality; feminine - femininity; curious - curiosity... Noun formation -ity king - kingdom; free - freedom; wise - wisdom... -hood dark - darkness; fit - fitness; weak - weakness... -ness neighbour - neighbourhood; man - manhood; parent - parenthood... -dom relation - relationship; friend - friendship; champion - championship... -ship novel – novelist; art - artist; piano - pianist... -ist actor – actress; prince - princess; waiter - waitress... - ess true - truth; grow- growth; weigh – weight... -th/ -t study - student; serve - servant; assist - assistant... -ant/ ent

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    Adjective formation care - careful; beauty - beautiful; delight - delightful... -y tall - tallish; dark - darkish; green - greenish... -ish sleep - sleepy; rain - rainy; fun - funny... -ful use - useless; shame - shameless; hair - hairless... -less electric – electrical; nation - national; emotion - emotional... -al fame – famous; fury - furious; poison - poisonous... -ous create – creative; attract - attractive; act - active... -ive accept - acceptable; agree - agreeable; access - accessible... -able/ ible

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    Verb formation -en identity - identify; solid - solidify; example - exemplify... apology - apologise; tranquil - tranquilise; sympathy - sympathise... -ise/ -ize -ify regular - regulate; circular - circulate; domestic - domesticate... -ate deep - deepen; wide - widen; short - shorten...

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    Now let’s practise!

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    Form nouns from the verbs: to arrive - to govern - to arm - to agree - to recover - to inform - to propose- to pay – arrival government army agreement recovery information proposal payment

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    Form nouns from the adjectives: kind - quiet - happy - active - stupid - human - kindness quietness happiness activity stupidity humanism

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    the fool - the child - the fun - the friend - the month - the danger- the fame - foolish childish funny friendly monthly dangerous famous Form adjectives from the nouns:

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    Используемые ресурсы: http://www.englishege.ru/grammar/150-slovoobrazovanie-v-anglijskom-yazyke.html -правила http://scholar.urc.ac.ru/courses/English/rref/wform.html.ru#ex1- упражнения Изображения: http://www.clipartof.com/portfolio/ctsankov/illustration/happy-caucasian-professor-using-a-pointer-stick-1099926.html http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/people-clipart-free/boy-clipart-free-people-clipart-994.html#.UOhEPqzWVOY http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/school-clip-art-images-free/pupil-in-school-clip-art-image-free-1273.html#.UOhE9azWVOY http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/people-clipart-free/cartoon-human-free-image-996.html#.UOhJwKzWVOY http://www.clipproject.info/free-clipart-gallery/people-clipart-free/question-clipart-people-pics-free-download-1015.html#.UOhKWqzWVOY

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