Sled dog race
The presentation is made by Ekaterina Sokolova, L-187
is a winter dog sport most popular in the Arctic regions of the United States, Canada, Russia, Greenland and some European countries. It involves the timed competition of teams of sled dogs that pull a sled with the dog driver standing on the runners. The team completing the marked course in the least time is judged the winner.
Experts believe that sled dog breeding is much older than riding deer -it appeared several millennia ago in North-East Asia, where now there are Yakutia, Chukotka and Kamchatka.
The history of Sled dog race
the true origin of riding sports occurred during the "gold rush" in the canadian Yukon and American Alaska (1896—1897). Thousands of seekers flooded the region in search of the precious metal. dog sleds became the most effective kind of transportation over long distances on the snow-covered expanses. Competition among the seekers contributed to the growth of rival spirit.
The first official competition was held in Alaska (1907), when a sled dog club was established in Nome. In the future, Nome became the center of development of dog sled racing.
Great Race of Mercy
Not everybody knows but there is a unique story which is connected to the rescue operation in Alaska. In the 19th century there was an outbreak of diphtheria which affected the majority of citizens. The vaccine was the only hope, and it was delivered to the coast. But as the weather was too stormy, it couldn’t be transferred by plane to the town. Only a few days left.
The best teams of all Alaska moved to the Nome-coast, it is about 1800 km. No team wouldn’t be able to reach the spot in time, so they made it as a relay. In result, the delivering of the vaccine took about 5-6 days, the last team went about 400 kilometers in the hardest weather conditions- the frost of -60 C degrees. This is a national story, and 40-50 years ago this race was revived.
the monument was erected in central park of new York in honour of Balto - a leader of one of these dog teams.
The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race is an annual long-distance sled dog race run in early March from Anchorage to Nome, entirely within the US state of Alaska. Mushers and a team of 14 dogs, of which at least must be on the towline at the finish line, cover the distance in 8–15 days or more.The Iditarod began in 1973 as an event to test the best sled dog mushers and teams but evolved into today's highly competitive race.
a special feature of the first Winter Olympics held in North America was dog sledding, as a sport that originated on this continent. Olympic race consisted of two stages of 25 miles. In 1952, at the Olympic Games in Oslo, sledding was introduced as a demonstration discipline of Pulka: a skier and a dog carrying a load in a small sled. Since the mid-60s, dog racing has been held in other European countries – in Switzerland, Austria, and France. Clubs and societies of sports enthusiasts with sled dogs were registered in the 70s, almost all over Europe. Dogs of various breeds were used for racing, but mostly, of course, those that were traditionally used in the North – Greenlandic dogs, Malamutes, Siberian huskies, Samoyeds and their various mestizos.
Mushers are individuals who race one or more sled dogs. There are two main classes of riders: Kayurs - drivers who compete on sleds (on a snow track) or on wheeled carts (on a dirt track) Skiers - run on skis for a dog (on a snow track) on a dirt track, they correspond to a new class of riders - runners.
Winter conditions include: Dog sled races with sleds at various distances Pulka-races of skiers with dogs (from 1 to 4) harnessed to a Pulka (small sled) Ski-joring-races of skiers with dogs (from 1 to 2) Snowless ones include: Dog sled racing with maps (special carts) Bike joring - racing cyclists with a dog Kani-cross-race of runners with a dog Scooters-racing athletes on a scooter with dogs (from 1 to 4)
The world's longest dog-sled race, Beringia 2018, has been going on in Russia's Far East since March 11. Fifteen mushers and their dogs are racing through the snow en route from Kamchatka to Russia’s easternmost region, Chukotka. Over the course of the race, sledders must cover a distance of 2,100 kilometers ( 1,300 miles) in 35 days. World’s longest sled dog race held in Kamchatka - Beringia
Beringia first took place in 1990, when eight teams partook in a 250-kilometer race. In 1991, the event set a Guinness World Record as the world’s longest sled dog race, boasting a length of 1,980 kilometers on its route.
At the moment, the riding sport in Russia is already well-spread. Now there are public associations: clubs, centers, and riding societies almost all over Russia, from Kaliningrad to Chukotka. Competitions are held, training camps and training seminars are organized, specialized magazines are published, conferences are held with invited specialists – veterinarians, trainers and judges of riding sports.
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