Презентация на тему "Expansion of english"

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    pptx (powerpoint)
  • Количество слайдов
    14
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  • Expansion of english
    Слайд 1

    Expansion of english

    MukhamedievaZarina 335 group

  • Слайд 2

    Plan:

    English as a global language The spread of English across the Globe: Social, Political and Cultural factors 4 phases of the global spreading of English Other factors of English Expansion

  • Слайд 3

    English as a global language

    English is the language of commerce and tourism, of international politics, of science, the official language of international and multinational companies and industries, of computers and of the internet. It is assumed that about a quarter of the world`s population is already fluent or competent in English (that means around 1,5 billion people).

  • Слайд 4

    Kachru's Three Circles of English

  • Слайд 5

    2) The spread of English across the Globe: Social, Political and Cultural factors

    From the seventeenth century onwards, the English began to extend their language over the world. It is due to so important factors as the power of the British Empire, the importance in the Industrial revolution taking place in England for the first time or the supremacy of America in all over the world. Moreover, we all know that English has become a global language in the last fifty years, being the official language of the international and multinational companies and industries, and the language of Internet.

  • Слайд 6

    2) 4 phases of the global spreading of English

    17th and 18th centuries English spread as a result of British colonialism 18th and 19th centuries English spread as the language of British leadership in the Industrial Revolution Late 19th and early 20thc. English spread as the language of American economic superiority and political leadership Second half of 2th c. English spread as a consequence of American technological domination.

  • Слайд 7

    Expansion of the British Empire

    Approximately from 16th century to 20th century During the 18th century, the expansion was bigger The largest empire in history Occupied a quarter of the earth’s surface “The sun never sets on the British Empire”

  • Слайд 8

    Map of the British Empire in 1921

  • Слайд 9

    B) Industrial Revolution   

    18th and 19th centuries The Industrial Revolution began in the United Kingdom. Britain was the leader of the Industrial Revolution Most of the important technological innovations were British. – harnessing of steam to drive heavy machinery – the development of new materials, techniques and equipment in a range of manufacturing industries – the emergence of new means of transportation (e.g. steamships, railways) At least half of the influential scientific and technological output between 1750 and 1900 was written in English.

  • Слайд 10

    The Industrial Revolution (U.S.)

    Another English speaking country, the USA, continued the English language dominance of new technology and innovation. electricity the telegraph the telephone the phonograph the sewing machine the computer, etc.

  • Слайд 11

    c) American Economic superiority and Political Leadership.

    Late 19th and early 20thc. The United States has 70 per cent of all native speakers of English in the world. 

  • Слайд 12

    d) American Technology Leadership.

    After the World War II and particularly in the 1980s and 1990s, the computer revolution began all over the world. It was due to the American technology. So, it is logic that the language of the computers is English.

  • Слайд 13

    Spread of the English Language

    English-speaking world (Dark Blue = English spoken natively // Light Blue = Other places where English is official

  • Слайд 14

    e) Other factors

     Advertising Broadcasting  Motion pictures Popular music International travel and safety Education

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